Import Requirements


 

Customs Documents


 

Description


 

Customs Documentation

Mexico requires import and export documentation including a completed "pedimento," or import/export form, for all commercial crossings. This document must be accompanied by a commercial invoice (in Spanish), a bill of lading, documents demonstrating guarantee of payment of additional duties for undervalued goods, if applicable, and documents demonstrating compliance with Mexican product safety and performance regulations, if applicable. The import documentation may be prepared and submitted by a licensed Mexican customs house broker or by an importer with sufficient experience in completing the documents.

   



  Import Application (Pedimento de importación) The basic Mexican import document is the "pedimento de importación." 



  Entry Summary  



  Certificate of Origin (CoO) Products qualifying as North American must use the NAFTA Certificate of Origin in order to receive preferential treatment. This must be completed by the exporter and does not have to be validated or formalized. 



  Bill of Lading  



  NAFTA CoO (US & Canada) Must be in Spanish



  Commercial Invoice (CI)  



  Freight Document  



  Packing List (P/L)  



  Customs Export Declaration  



  Electronic Value Voucher/COVE number (Comprobante de Valor Electrotico)   



  Additional Documents guarantee of payment of additional duties for undervalued goods



    product safety and performance regulation compliance documents 



Official  Register  of 
Importers (Padrón de Importadores)

For tax purposes, all Mexican importers must apply and be listed in the Official Register of Importers (Padrón de Importadores), maintained by the Secretariat of Treasury and Public Finance (SHCP). In addition, the Secretariat of Treasury and Public Finance maintains special sector registries. To be eligible to import more than 400 different items, including agricultural products, textiles, chemicals, electronics, and auto parts, Mexican importers must apply to the Secretariat of Treasury and Public Finance to be listed on these special industry sector registries.

   



Import Regulations/Customs Brokers

Beginning in 2015, any Mexican importer in the Official Register of Importers can be in charge of all of their own import paperwork and compliance with Mexico's customs regulations. Use of a customs broker for import transactions is no longer a requirement. Mexican customs law is very strict regarding proper submission and preparation of customs documentation. Errors in paperwork can result in fines and even confiscation of merchandise as contraband. As a result, a customs broker’s services may still be needed for the import process. U.S. exporters are advised to ensure that Mexican clients employ competent, reputable Mexican importers or customs house brokers. Because customs brokers are subject to sanctions if they violate customs laws, some have been very restrictive in their interpretation of Mexican regulations and standards.

   



Source

EXPORT.GOV